Meaning of Testament - አትሮንስ ሚዲያ - Atrons Media

አትሮንስ ሚዲያ - Atrons Media

ስብኩ ወንጌለ ለኩሉ ፍጥረት ማቴ 16፤15

በቅርብ የተጻፉ

Post Top Ad

Saturday, September 17, 2022

Meaning of Testament

  By Kesis Negatu Abebe

The bible consists of two volumes or parts
1)   Old Testament (OT)
2)   New Testament (NT)
v The term OT and NT came into general use since the time of Tertullian in the ordinary sense of the term.
v The word testament in its ordinary sense means the last will of a person where he gives a legal expression of his whishes for the disposition of his property after death.
v The corresponding term for testament is diatheke.
v In this secular meaning diatheke is used only in two places in the New Testament which is in
Ø Gal 3:15
Ø Heb 9: 16-17
v The Greek word Diatheke in all other instances in the NT (24 times) and almost always in the LXX.
v LXX means “covenant” rather than testament.
v The corresponding Hebrew word for covenant is berith.
It means tertillia (ca 160-220) who rendered the Greek term Diatheke into Latin “testament” which came into General use.
v Which we consider the content of the Old Testament and the new testament in more significant to designate them as the “old covenant” and “new covenant”.
v A covenant is an agreement or contact between two parties.
v The biblical writers in both OT and NT speak of a covenant between God and men.
v In the Old Testament we find God making covenants with
Ø Noah (Gen 9:8-17)
Ø Abraham (Gen 15: 18-21)
Ø Moses at Sinai (Ex 19:5-6)
Ø David and with the Nation Israel
v In all this covenants the initiative always came from God’s Side.
v The covenant is God’s doing and God’s Gift.
v God is always the giver and man the receiver it differed from human covenants.
v There are two types of Covenants
1)   Unilateral Covenant (Unconditional)
2)   Bilateral Covenant (Conditional)
v The biblical Covenants have 3 parts
1)   A statement about God’s saving act (with God brings to the agreement)
2)   A statement about what God expects from humanity in response.
3)   A sign or symbol as a reminder of the covenant.

to be continued.................

No comments:

Post a Comment

Post Bottom Ad